The Gambia is a fascinating place and it’s just 6 hours flying time from the UK, in the same time zone and much cheaper to visit than the Caribbean or other well-known winter sun destinations. At this time of year, when the main season has ended, you can pick up some great package holiday bargains.

It would be a crime for any visitor to stay in their hotel and not get out and about, meet the locals, discover the culture and see some of the wonderful wildlife. Gambians are incredibly friendly and almost everyone in the tourist area, which hugs the coastline, speaks English. It is the official language after all (although if you go away from the tourist area many older people don’t speak it.) There are some great organised excursions but these can be expensive so here are my top tips for things to do on a budget in The Gambia.

Top Ten things to do in The Gambia, Kotu craft market

1. Explore

The cheapest form of public transport is the bush taxi. These are white minibuses that travel set routes between towns and cram the passengers in but they are extremely cheap and have a fixed price of around 10 Dalasi (£0.16 GBP). Journey’s do tend to take a very long time though, especially if you need to change buses.

The yellow taxis, with a green stripe down the side, cost about the same as the minibuses, charging per person at a fixed rate and they are likely to pick up further passengers along the way. These are not allowed to drive into the main resort areas so if you are staying in a hotel you will have to walk to the main road in order to pick one up. Always check the price before getting in and make it clear that you are happy to share otherwise they will assume you want a private taxi (called a town trip) and you will be expected to pay at least 50 Dalasi.

The tourist taxis are green and it is these that you will find outside the hotels. They are very much more expensive but are usually in the best condition and have the best insurance, I am told. The drivers are happy to act as guides which can be very useful and they are happy to wait for you for a few hours for the journey home rather than lose the fare. There will be boards displaying a fixed price but if you are good at bargaining you can usually get this down. You can also hire them for half days or whole days and they will take you around the local sights. This will generally be cheaper than going on an organised excursion. Do make sure that everything is agreed beforehand regarding costs and time.

More advice on public transport and taxis can be found here.

There are no trains in The Gambia and there are no bridges across the River Gambia which cuts the country completely in half. If you want to get to the north bank you can catch a ferry at Banjul but this is very unreliable at the moment and I really would not recommend it.

Lastly, remember that The Gambia is a developing country and safety standards are not as high as they are in many other countries.

2. Craft markets

Now that you’re an old hand at haggling having negotiated a great price for your taxi, visit a local craft market and hone your skills. Whatever the stall holder asks for, you want to at least half it and end up meeting in the middle. The trick is to think before you start  – Do I really want this and what price am I willing to pay? I’m hopeless at mental arithmetic so I’ve been known to keep a credit card size conversion table (that I’ve made myself ) in my purse which I can glance at as needed. Some stall holders can be a little pushy but smile, stick to your guns, take your time and go with the flow.

Things to do on a budget, Gambia

The best-known markets are at Serrekunda, the largest town in The Gambia and Royal Albert Market in the capital, Banjul. Both of these towns have large markets selling everything under the sun with a tourist craft market attached. There are many other craft markets dotted around including Kololi, Kotu, Fajara and Bakau. While people are usually happy to have their photograph taken in the tourist craft markets, in the parts of the markets aimed at locals many people do not like it or will expect to be paid. I find the easiest thing to do is to hire a guide (your driver can help you find one when you get there). Explain that you want to take photographs and ask your guide to ask people for you if they mind and to explain that you are not able to pay anyone.

3. Fishing Village

There are fish markets at Bakau, Tanji and Sanyang. These are colourful, vibrant places where you can watch the pirogues (fishing boats) come in and unload the day’s catch. Men and women wade into the water and bring back buckets on their heads full of fish. Women buy and sell the fish while the seagulls squawk overhead ever hopeful of a few scraps. Any keen photographers will love all the colour and action but keep in mind that, as with the craft markets, many people don’t like to be photographed.

Top Ten things to do in The Gambia, Tanji

4. Sanyang Beach

There are many lovely beaches in The Gambia. At Cape Point the sandy beach is fast. Sanyang is another lovely spot with a small bar / café there and off to one side you’ll see rows of colourful pirogues and behind that the fish is being prepared, dried and smoked. There are also a few craft stalls.
Top Ten things to do in The Gambia, Sanyang

5. Kachikally Sacred Crocodile Pool

This is in Bakau but there are quite a few throughout The Gambia, some with and some without the crocodiles. The waters are said to have magical powers, in particular, they are said to aid fertility and women come long distances to be bathed in the waters. A taxi driver once told me about an English couple he had taken there. They had been trying for years to have children so they visited the pool and not long after they returned home they emailed him that they were expecting a baby.
Top Ten things to do in The Gambia, Kachikally
It only costs D50 (about £1 GBP) to enter and there is a small but interesting museum there too. The crocodiles have become so used to visitors that you can walk right up to them and stroke them but only on the advice of the guides. While I have done this myself I would not recommend it. You’ll find photographic proof of my bravery (stupidity!) here together with more tips on seeing Gambian wildlife.
That’s my friend, Andrea, pictured above. You can read about the amazing week I had with her in The Gambia here.
Update: Having learnt more about responsible tourism I’m now questioning the ethics of this visit. As far as I am aware these crocodiles are not being held in captivity and are not drugged, however, this does seem very unnatural behaviour. I’m now very much of the belief that wild animals should remain wild.

6. The monkeys at Bijilo Forest Park

There is a lovely walk through the trees and a huge population of green vervet monkeys which are great fun to watch. You may also see a Western Red Colobus monkey (look up into the trees). This is an endangered species and they are struggling to survive here because of the number of vervet monkeys. The vervets are doing so well because the tourists feed them, so please don’t!

Top Ten things to do in The Gambia, Bijilo

It is even cheaper to get into the park than Kachikally although you’ll probably be asked to hire a guide. You don’t need one but they are very good at spotting birds you might otherwise miss and can identify them for you. You will also probably be told that it is OK to feed the monkeys so that you will buy some peanuts. PLEASE Don’t buy them and don’t feed the monkeys. IT IS NOT OK! (sorry, did I raise my voice there!)

Update Dec 2013: I recently returned to Bijilo and to be honest, it was looking a mess. There were empty plastic bags scattered all over the ground in the most popular parts of the forest, left by visitors who had bought peanuts for the monkeys. It is very sad to see that the forest is not being cared for and protected as it should be. Plus the vervet monkeys are being humanised (getting used to humans) and that is never a good idea, especially as they now see humans as a food source.  They are wild animals and should remain so.

7. Birdwatching

The Gambia is famous for birdwatching and is a favourite of BBC wildlife presenter and birdwatching expert, Chris Packham because there are so many different birds found here – over 560 species. The best way to go birdwatching is to hire an official guide, however, many of the hotels have lovely grounds where many different birds can be seen and it is worth asking if they have a bird guide book you can borrow and even some binoculars.

Little bee-eaters, bird watching in The Gambia

Little bee-eaters in Bijilo Forest

If you are staying in the Kololi/Senegambia area than Bijilo Forest is within walking distance. While it may not be my first choice for birdwatching it isn’t bad at all and saves you the cost of hiring a taxi. If you are staying in Kotu then a walk along Kotu creek, starting at the bridge is a great option.

Update Dec 2013: You can read about the birds I saw in Bijil Forest here.

8. Traditional Drumming and Dance

Many hotels and some restaurants lay on entertainment. This can vary in quality and style but there are a few great traditional groups that play the circuit of hotels and you can watch them while eating or over a drink. Please do tip them as some of the hotels pay them very little.

Top Ten things to do in The Gambia, Bijilo
Above: Tamala Africa Cultural Troupe act out a scene from a traditional West African folktale

9. A walk along the beach at sunset

The sunsets in The Gambia can be spectacular. Being so near the equator the sun goes down very quickly around 7pm (give or take half an hour). If someone comes over to chat to you but you’d rather be alone take off your shoes and walk in the water. The local young men who try to befriend tourists in the hope of making a little money, known as bumsters, do not like getting their shoes wet. While their attention can at times be annoying, in my experience, it is never threatening.

Top Ten things to do in The Gambia, Bijilo

10. Visit a luxury hotel for a massage

I know! That doesn’t sound like something to do on a budget, however, it will cost you a fraction of the price that it would at home. When I’m back in The Gambia I’m going to treat myself to two and a half hours of total self-indulgence with a hammam, followed by a hot stone massage and ending with an Asian foot massage at the most luxurious hotel in The Gambia, the Coco Ocean Resort and Spa. It currently costs D2,200 (around £40 GBP). In England, that would probably cost you a couple of hundred pounds in a five-star hotel. Even if you can’t afford to stay in one of the luxury or boutique hotels in The Gambia, there are some lovely ‘value for money’ hotels and there’s no reason why you can’t visit one of the top hotels for a treat, be it in their restaurant or their spa.

Coco Ocean spa

Want to know more about The Gambia? Then check out my other articles from this wonderful little country, The Gambia.

I travelled to The Gambia with The Gambia Experience. As always these are my own, honest opinions.

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